A tutor is an instructor who gives private lessons. Shadow education is a name for private supplementary tutoring that is offered outside the mainstream education system.
Normally, a tutor will help a student who is struggling in a subject of some sort. Also, a tutor may be provided for a student who wants to learn at home.
In the United States, the term "tutor" is generally associated with one who gives professional instruction (sometimes within a school setting but often independently) in a given topic or field.
British and Irish secondary schools
In English and Irishsecondary schools, form tutors are given the responsibilities of a form or class of students in a particular year group (up to 30 students). They usually work in year teams headed by a year leader, year head, or guidance teacher.
Form tutors will provide parents with most of the information about their child's progress and any problems they might be experiencing. Ordinarily, the form tutor is the person who contacts a parent if there is a problem at school; however, the year leader or guidance teacher may contact the parents, since the form tutor has full-time responsibility as a specialist subject teacher.
In the University of Cambridge and University of Dublin a Tutor is an officer of a college responsible for the pastoral care of a number of students in cognate disciplines; as against a Director of Studies in Cambridge who is responsible for the academic progress of a group of students in their own discipline, with both Tutors and Directors of Study answering to a Senior Tutor. In the University of Oxford, the colleges fuse pastoral and academic care into the single office of Fellow and Tutor, also known as a CUF Lecturer.
... Institut VillaPierrefeu; Seatton touts its British background; and Guillaume Rué de Bernadac, the founder of the French-styled Academie de Bernadac, prides himself on his lineage — his grandmother and great-grand father tutored the royal Moroccan court in etiquette, he says.
Students balance a book on their heads during an etiquette class in Beijing, China... His great-grandfather, Joseph de Bernadac, became a private tutor to Moroccan princes and princesses during the reign of Mohammed V, teaching them different academic subjects as well as savoir-vivre, a French term that translates literally into "knowing how to live".